The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus has brought the entire world under control. The appearance of this new and infectious virus has reminded us that, in addition to being vulnerable as individuals, we are also vulnerable as a species. Thus, in the absence of effective vaccines and treatments to stop the spread of COVID-19, the search for those factors that can promote the correct functioning of our immune system to try to avoid infection or combat it with greater probability arises. beat it without complications.
How to boost our immune system from food?
Our immune system is made up of a diverse group of cells (and other components) that patrol our body, report, and hunt down potential pathogens, such as viruses, fungi, or bacteria, among other essential functions. Therefore, the correct nutritional status is one of the most important factors in keeping the immune system fully functioning and ready to fight any invaders that cross.
Although many nutrients with anti-inflammatory or antioxidant properties are related to a better functioning of our immune system, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) European Food Safety Authority) supports that the correct intake of 6 vitamins (D, A, C, B6, B12 and folate) and four minerals (Iron, Zinc, Selenium and Copper) is essential for the normal functioning of the immune system and protection against diseases infectious. Therefore, recently and in the context of the current pandemic, a team of researchers from the Nutrigenomics and Obesity group of the University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), led by Prof. Andreu Palou, from the Alimentómica company and the Center for Biomedical Research Network in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBEROBN), has published a study in the scientific journal Nutrients in which they analyze the possible influence of the main essential nutrients in the prevention of COVID-19, caused by the SARS-COV-2 coronavirus. This study has analyzed the nutritional status of these nutrients in ten European countries and epidemiological indicators related to COVID-19, observing a correlation between nutritional factors and epidemiological indicators. In this way, it has been repaired that the countries with the worst intake profile of these micronutrients (Spain, Italy, Belgium, the United Kingdom and France) are those that have received the strongest blow from the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the results suggest that, in Europe as a whole, insufficient intake of vitamins D, C and B12, and the minerals Iron and Zinc, is associated with a higher incidence or mortality caused by COVID-19.
The importance of genetics and personalized nutrition to ensure the supply of these 10 micronutrients.
There are small genetic differences that make some of us respond in a specific way to nutrients (nutrigenetics) or drugs (pharmacogenetics) while others do not. In the same vein, differences in our DNA have also been identified that can compromise our body's ability to absorb, assimilate or manage the 10 nutrients mentioned above. Consequently, these genetic peculiarities can predispose us to a higher risk of deficiency of these nutrients. That is why the genetic analysis of these characteristics is considered increasingly important as it allows the detection of individuals with a high genetic risk of deficiency of specific nutrients and, therefore, vulnerable to infectious diseases such as COVID-19. In addition, being able to count on this type of information allows the design of personalized nutritional guidelines adapted to personal needs to stay away from diseases and promote your health.
Oorenji is an app conceived and designed to work with the phenotypic, nutrigenetic and metabolic data of the users, and thus prevent possible deficiencies of these nutrients due to the particular genetics of each person, and in this way, and among many other applications, make against a possible SARS-Cov-2 infection with more complications than necessary.